Adiabatic Quantum Computing for Multi Object Tracking

Abstract

Multi-Object Tracking (MOT) is most often approached in the tracking-by-detection paradigm, where object detections are associated through time. The association step naturally leads to discrete optimization problems. As these optimization problems are often NP-hard, they can only be solved exactly for small instances on current hardware. Adiabatic quantum computing (AQC) offers a solution for this, as it has the potential to provide a considerable speedup on a range of NP-hard optimization problems in the near future. However, current MOT formulations are unsuitable for quantum computing due to their scaling properties. In this work, we therefore propose the first MOT formulation designed to be solved with AQC. We employ an Ising model that represents the quantum mechanical system implemented on the AQC. We show that our approach is competitive compared with state-of-the-art optimization-based approaches, even when using of-the-shelf integer programming solvers. Finally, we demonstrate that our MOT problem is already solvable on the current generation of real quantum computers for small examples, and analyze the properties of the measured solutions.

Publication
In Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2022
Jan-Nico Zäch
Jan-Nico Zäch
PhD Student, ETH Zurich
Martin Danelljan
Martin Danelljan
Researcher

Researcher in Computer Vision and Machine Learning at ETH Zurich